Costa Rica is located in Central America, between Nicaragua (North) and Panama (South), and between the Caribbean (East) and the Pacific Ocean (West). It covers 51 100 square kilometers: that represents only 0,03% of the surface of our planet, but it holds approximately 6% of the world’s biodiversity, making the country the world’s most diverse, biologically speaking, per unity of measure. This is why over 25% of our country is environmentally protected.
The Guanacaste mountain range, Central volcanic range, and the Talamanca mountain range form our main mountain systems that go from Northwest to Southeast (ranging from 1,000 to 4,000 meters above sea level) crossing over the entire country. Right in the middle of these mountain ranges is found the Central Valley, where around 60% of the population lives, and is where San José, and the other main cities are located. There are some active volcanoes (Poás Volcano, Irazú Volcano, Rincón de la Vieja Volcano, Turrialba Volcano) and several mountains: the country’s highest mountain is called Cerro Chirripó and it reaches a height of 3,819 meters above sea level (almost 13.000 feet).
Those highlands generate a number of rivers that flow down to the costs and make the country fertile enough to make agriculture one of the main economic activities. They also provide for a number of water sports and they are our source for electricity.
Costa Rica´s weather is pleasant with natural breezes cooling down most of the coastal areas. Temperatures in the highlands and the mountains are warm by day and brisk at night. Those conditions do not vary drastically all year long. The average temperatures range from 32°C (95°F) on the coast to 16°C (65°F) inland. The rainy season lasts from May to November in the central valley and the Pacific coast.
In addition, impressive scenic beauty, a consolidated system of protected areas, social and political stability, high educational levels, and efficient infrastructure and services characterize Costa Rica.
Basic Costa Rica Info: